Steve Long, Chairman of the Training Standards Panel of the UIAA recently trekked the Chadar (Frozen River Trek) on Zanskar in Ladakh. During his trek, he was witness to an accident where two local girls were swept under the Chadar ice. He pulled them out of the river and managed to revive one girl, the other unfortunately died.

Having observed the trekkers and guides during the Chadar trek, Steve has made some recommendations. A synopsis of these recommendations given below may be treated as an IMF advisory.

Consequences of an ice collapse are extremely serious. Quick action needs to be taken in the event of a victim being swept under ice following an ice collapse. It is recommended that:-

  • Designated leader should wear crampons or microspikes of a reputed brand/quality and carry an ice axe so that when required they can assist others.
  • One person per 10 should carry a throw-bag on person or outside of backpack.
  • All trekkers must wear at least a small pack, to improve flotation.
  • All ice-bound rescuers should be roped if possible in case of further ice collapse.
  • Party of 10 must have 30 metres of low stretch rope, 2 slings, 4 carabiners and1 spare sleeping bag in case of loss or other damage (eg soaking).
  • Sleeping bag and clothes should be packed in watertight bags
  • Unfastening waist and chest straps is recommended for narrow sections.
  • If in doubt of the stability of ice, use river bank if possible
  • The entire party should be briefed about the seriousness of immersion and action to be taken in such an event. Such briefing should include the following advice.
    • In the event of falling in to water, scream to attract attention. Try to grab the bank and hang on. If swept away, your bag will provide some flotation, but face down. If possible remove it and fix to chest instead. Fight to remain on surface. If unable to reach a bank or shallow, aim for whirlpool or eddy if possible
  • In the event of immersion rescue,
    • Replace wet clothes immediately
    • For hypothermia cases use sleeping bags and hot water bottles to revive casualty.
    • Erect tent and warm interior with stoves for serious cases.
    • Keep close watch of other party members in case of hypothermia.

Note:- Comments on this advisory may be sent to


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